Dr. Samyuktha

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Mania is a term used in psychology and psychiatry to describe a state of elevated mood, intense excitement, and increased energy levels. It is often associated with bipolar disorder, a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings between mania and depression.

During a manic episode, individuals may experience the following symptoms:

  1. Elevated Mood: A persistently elevated or irritable mood is a key characteristic of mania. Individuals may feel euphoric, excessively happy, or on top of the world.

  2. Increased Energy: Manic individuals often have a surplus of energy and may engage in excessive physical activity or take on numerous tasks simultaneously.

  3. Reduced Need for Sleep: Mania can lead to a decreased need for sleep. Individuals may go without sleep for extended periods without feeling tired.

  4. Rapid Thoughts and Speech: Thoughts may race, and speech can become rapid and difficult to follow. Individuals may jump from topic to topic, and their ideas may seem disjointed.

  5. Impulsivity: Manic episodes are often characterized by impulsive behavior, such as excessive spending, risky sexual behavior, or substance abuse.

  6. Increased Self-Esteem: Individuals experiencing mania may have an inflated sense of self-esteem and confidence. They may believe they have special powers or talents.

It’s important to note that mania is a component of bipolar disorder, which also includes depressive episodes characterized by low mood, feelings of sadness, and a lack of interest or pleasure in activities. Bipolar disorder is a chronic condition that requires careful management, often through a combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle adjustments.

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