Dr. Samyuktha

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Depression is a mental health disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest or pleasure in activities. It is a common condition that can affect a person’s thoughts, feelings, behavior, and overall well-being. Depression can range from mild to severe and may interfere with a person’s ability to function in their daily life.

Key features of depression include:

  1. Persistent Sadness: Individuals with depression often experience a pervasive and unrelenting sense of sadness or emptiness. This emotional state is not always tied to specific events and may persist for weeks, months, or even years.

  2. Loss of Interest or Pleasure: A marked decrease in interest or enjoyment in activities that were once pleasurable is a common symptom of depression. This can include hobbies, social activities, work, and relationships.

  3. Changes in Sleep Patterns: Depression can affect sleep, leading to either insomnia (difficulty falling or staying asleep) or hypersomnia (excessive sleep). Disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle are often observed.

  4. Changes in Appetite or Weight: Significant changes in appetite, leading to weight loss or gain, are common in depression. Some individuals may experience a decrease in appetite, while others may turn to food for comfort, leading to weight gain.

  5. Fatigue and Lack of Energy: People with depression often feel a persistent sense of fatigue and a lack of energy, even after a full night’s sleep. Simple tasks may feel overwhelming.

  6. Feelings of Worthlessness or Guilt: Individuals with depression may have negative thoughts about themselves, feel a sense of worthlessness, or experience excessive guilt, even when there is no apparent reason for these feelings.

  7. Difficulty Concentrating: Depression can impair cognitive function, making it difficult for individuals to concentrate, make decisions, or remember things.

  8. Physical Symptoms: In addition to emotional and cognitive symptoms, depression can manifest as physical symptoms such as headaches, digestive problems, and chronic pain.

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